Watches evolved from portable spring driven clocks, which first appeared in 15th-century Europe. Portable timepieces were made possible by the invention of the mainspring in the early 15th century. In the 16th century Peter Henle who was originally a locksmith was credited as the inventor of the “mini clock” or clock watches which is a wearable “clock”.However Many historians disagree with this as there are many Germans clockmakers were creating miniature clocks at the same period. The miniature clocks powered by winding a mainspring which turned gears and then moved the hands, and kept time with a rotating balance wheel. However this miniature clocks evolved into smaller size clocks that can be kept in the pocket. Thus pocket watches was born.
In the 1960s, watch that runs on electricity was invented. This watch kept time by a quartz crystal which vibrate when electricity runs through it. These watch are known as quartz watch.
The quartz watches eventually took over the market from the mechanical watches in the 1980s.
The word “watch” was believe to have originate from the old English word woecce which meant watchman. This is because the watchman use the watch to keep track of their
In 1571 Robert Dudley presented a wristwatch which was described as an “arm watch” to Queen Elizabeth I. The concept of watches which can be worn on the wrist were first exclusively worn by women while men used pocket watches until the early 20th century. Prince Albert the consort of Queen Victoria introduce pocket watch with attached chain known as “Albert chain”. The pocket watch comes with a chain attached to it and a clip on the other end. The clip were secure to the outer garment as the pocket watch is tuck into the outer garment’s pocket. This is to prevent the pocket watch from dropping on the floor or got lost.
Wristwatches, often marketed as bracelets, for women until the late 19th century. At the end of the 19th century the military men start to wear wrist watch in the form of a pocket watch with strap. This is to help them to synchronizing the army movement plan without their enemies knowing it and as it was not practical to use pocket watch while mounting on a horse in a war, the officers began wear the watch on the wrist it is more practical and easy to view it.
In 1893, a company in London by the name Garstin Company design, patented and produce a wristwatch called “Watch Wristlet”, this create a market for men’s wristwatches.
Manufacturers began producing purpose-built wristwatches in the early 20th century. In 1903 Swiss company, Dimier Frères & Cie patented a wristwatch design with the now standard wire lugs.In 1910 Rolex became the first wristwatch to receive certification as a chronometer and it also win an award in 1914 from Kew Observatory.